The Palace Of Wind : Hawa Mahal
Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, the king of Jaipur was a prominent person from a royal family who was known for his excellence and knowledge in the whole globe. His establishments in the city Jaipur are the amazing piece of art elaborating the ravishing and breathe taking exemplar of knowledge and brain. Along with excellence, the king of Jaipur was very peculiar about the culture of the city which is filled with rich heritage of the state. Till today, the Rajasthani people and culture shares a unique residence which exceptionally defines the richness of their values and customs. One of his achievements in the same is defined by “HawaMahal”. The establishment of this famous monument redefines the creativity and excellence of mind used in daily pleasure activities. One such renowned monument in Jaipur famous for its excellent architecture and concept is HAWA MAHAL. Hawa mahal is also known as “palace of winds”. Jaipur Hawa Mahal is one of the best Jaipur tourists places to the guests and tourist in pinkcity. Every guests and tourists are recorded to be impressed by the architecture and the history behind the establishment of royal palace of winds.
Beauty Of Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal is the five storey palace which is located in heart and soul of the pinkcity which was established in the year 1799 under the rule of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. The architecture of the building is so build that it concrete the shape of a pyramid with total of 953 windows uniquely carved in the Rajasthani pattern and designs. Lal Chand ustad, the architect of Hawa Mahal was told to build this palace in order to enable the queens and other women from royal families to enjoy the view of nature by the windows which serves the purpose of freezing winds inside the palace.
Talking about its architecture, palace shares the height of 50 feet from ground designed in the manner of a castle along with small windows. One interesting fact about Hawa Mahal states that the thickness of the walls of the palace are even lesser than a foot but beautifully carved on thin shield with erect position. The name Hawa Mahal was given to the palace, as the winds blowing in the palace were freezing and creating a soothing surrounding in the palace. out of the five storey, the top three storey of the palace have a thickness of a room with bottom two storey furnished with beautifully designed courtyards on the three sides of the palace. the place ensures the beautiful and breathe taking views of the entire city from the city which feels like the royal glimpse of the city under the open sky.
One may not be aware of the fact that the appearance of this palace resembles to the crown of Lord Krishna in the form of peacock feathers. King Sawai Pratap singh was a biggest devotee of Lord Krishna and thus created this idea of building Hawa Mahal as a dedication to his almighty. During the rule of kings in Jaipur, Purdaah system was followed by the royal women in the city. They were not allowed to talk or interact with outside people or strangers. This became one of the strong reasons of the creation of this palace which helped the royal women enjoy the beauty of nature through the windows of this palace. Hawa Mahal is registered as one exemplar portraying dignity and honor of the city in the history pages of Rajasthan. The palace of winds plays a vital role in uplifting the social and renowned responsibilities which is running from more than a decade ago by the kings of the city.
The Most Precious Gem of Jaipur : Amer Fort
When we talk about the Jaipur then it is not possible that we could ignore the Amer fort. It is most beautiful fort and the pride of Jaipur. Amer fort is also spelled, known and pronounced as Amber Fort. It is located in Amer, 11 k.m from Jaipur. It is one of the major tourist attractions, located high on hill. The fort is remarkable for its majestic grandeur, surroundings, battles and beautiful palaces and halls. Fort is known for its Indian Artistic Style, blending Hindu and Rajputs elements. Amer Fort has the marvelous decoration influenced by both, the Hindu and Muslim manner of ornamentation. Tourists simply astonish by intricate carving on the walls and ceilings. Exquisite paintings of hunting scenes on the walls depict the temperament of the Rajputs, who were extremely revolutionary, adventurous, and self-indulgent. Its Indian architecture includes large ramparts, series of gates; the fort overlooks the ‘Maota Lake’, at its forefront.
The Amer Fort was built by ‘Raja Shri Maan Singh JI Saheb’ (Maan Singh I) (December 21, 1550 – July 6, 1614) in 16th century. Man Singh, one of the first war chiefs or the trusted general of the Emperor Akbar. Akbar included him among the ‘Navaratnas’, or the 9 (nava) gems (ratna) of the royal court. Man Singh began the construction of a fortress-palace of white and red sandstone i.e. Amer Fort in 1592. He was the Kacchwaha (Rajput) of King of Amber, a state later known as Jaipur. Nearby he ordered to set a small temple devoted to ‘Sheela Mata’, his patron goddess.
‘Diwaan-e-Aam’ and ‘Diwaan-e-Khaas’
Diwan-e-Aam’ or the ‘Hall of Public Audience’ is a beautiful hall stands on two rows of ornamented pillars and opens on three sides. It is said that king used to listen about needs and complaints of General public. ‘Diwan e-Khaas’ or the ‘Hall of Private Audience’ has delicate mosaic work in glass. In this hall, king used to meet special guests from other states, ministers, and his friends.
‘Sukh Niwaas’ (Sukh Mandir)
Sukh Niwaas, which is opposite to ‘Diwaan-e-Khaas’ having doors made of sandal wood and ivory. There is a channel running through the hall, which carried cool water that worked as an air cooler, with the aid of breeze. In this artistic hall cool climate was artificially created. It is said that the kings used to spend time in this Sukh Niwaas with their queens and sometimes with their mistresses that is why it is known as the residence of pleasure or pleasurable residence in English.
The Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace) is the most famous and beautiful part of Amber Fort. You must remember the song of the famous bollywood Classic Film ‘Mughal-E-Azam’ i.e. “pyaar kiya toh darna kya”, yes, it was shot in Sheesh Mahal. That song filmed beautifully but the all credit goes to the beauty of Sheesh mahal. The Walls and ceiling of this hall is carved with beautiful paintings and flowers and that too made with pure glass. The reason behind why this hall was made by glass because in ancient days the queen was not allowed to sleep in open air but she loved to see the stars shining. So the king ordered his architects to make something which could solve the purpose. The most stunning thing about this hall is that if someone burns two candles, then the reflection converts that small light into thousand of stars. Kesar Kyaari is the another beautiful part of Amber fort, the Kesar Kyari Bagh in a garden on Maota Lake, right before Amber Fort, in Jaipur, Rajasthan. This garden has star-shaped flower beds in which the King used to plant saffron flowers. The English meaning of Kesar Kyaari is the ‘saffron fields’. But now a days climate does not allow to plant saffron.
The Elephant Ride is the major attractive activity in Amber Fort. It costs Rupees 550 to take a ride on elephant at the amber fort, but for the foreign tourists it is really a fun activity and the principle attraction. The timings for the elephant ride are 7.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m.
The Amber Fort is an excellent example of amazing technology, and this shows that our Jaipur in terms of technology is always been a pioneer… Great Jaipur…. Great Rajasthan..
Albert Hall Museum
Albert Hall Museum is the oldest museum in the Jaipur city of Rajasthan. It was designed by Colonel Sir Swinton Jacob in 1876 to greet King Edward VII as Prince of Wales was on his visit to India. It was made open to public after 10 years. The museum is situated at the center of Ram Nivas Baug.
It displays rare articles including textiles, carpets, paintings, metal and wood crafts, pottery, arms and weapons, flora and fauna of the state, toys, dolls and even an Egyptian mummy that belongs to the Ptolemaic Epoch, ivory, stone, metal sculptures, colourful crystal works etc. In this museum, one gallery is dedicated to Mehndi, body art and great Rajasthani motifs and designs.